Selecting fabrics is a crucial step in the design process. One of many that takes place before we have the opportunity to sell to buyers. Recently, while shopping, I came across a pair of pants that had a Polyurethane coating. This prompted me to look a little deeper into coated fabrics.
What are coated fabrics?
Any woven or non-woven fabric, when coated with something like plastic resin, rubber, elastomers, fluoropolymer such as PTFE or Teflon, can be called a coated fabric. As common a thing as canvas- wax coated cotton fabrics could also be considered a coated fabric.
Fabrics could be coated with various materials such as:
- -PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) – rubber gardening gloves and rubber bath mats are made of them
- PE and other Poly olefins
- PU (Polyurethane) – used in apparel
- Acrylics – used on Tablecloths
- Rubber (natural or synthetic) – used in Liners for Textiles
- Waxes – workmen’s jackets and canvas bags
One company, Bayer MaterialScience, recently partnered up with several brands to integrate INSQUIN as the “new generation of fabrics coated with polyurethane” into the apparel sector. This new process is set to enable manufacturers to coat all types of fabrics without solvent, therefore eliminating the risk of workers as well as environmental contamination.
For more information on Bayer MaterialScience and INSQUIN click here
From fashion to the outdoors, there are several ways that you are able to incorporate coated fabrics into your designs.
- Waterproofing jackets & outerwear (both Fashion and Active)
- Waxed canvas bags
- Coated denim “leather effect” – this can be used for pants or dresses
- Metallic Finishes
- Rubberized details, such as appliques.